E-ISSN 2576-3288


American Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. 2021; 6(1):(45-54)


Risk of malnutrition in pulmonary fibrosis outpatients

Botilla Dalsgaard Jensen (BJ) Stud. MSc, Sabina Mikkelsen (SM), MSc, Pernille Høyrup Krogh (PK) Stud. MSc, Christina Hornskov Lyngholm (CL) Stud. MSc, Jasmina Huremovic (JH), Consultant, MD and Mette Holst (MH), MCN, Ph.D

Abstract

Background: Literature is sparse regarding disease related malnutrition (DRM) among patients with pulmonary fibrosis. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of unintended weight loss (UWL) within three months, reduced food intake (RFI) within the past week, and associations to nutrition impact symptoms (NIS), in an outpatient population of patients with pulmonary fibrosis.

Methods: The prevalence of UWL and NIS were sought in a cross-sectional questionnaire study, consecutively including a convenience sample of 100 patients, as they visited the outpatient clinic. Medical records were sought for time from diagnosis and comorbidities. Associations were examined through Chi square and simple logistic regression analysis.

Results: Among the 100 included patients, 66% were male, mean age was 68.1(SD 12.9), and BMI was 27.9 (SD 5.9). UWL was found in 18 (18%) with a mean weight loss of 6.2 Kg (SD 3.9), 16% had RFI and 7% had both UWL and RFI. Patients with RFI and NIS had higher odds for UWL. Women, no education and living alone were the most associated risk factors for UWL.

Conclusion: UWL was seen in almost one fifth of pulmonary fibrosis outpatients. Patients with NIS and RFI had higher odds for UWL. UWL seems feasible for initial nutritional risk screening in pulmonary fibrosis outpatient clinics, and may serve as an indication for the need for full screening and assessment.

Most Viewed Article
  • Secreted Protein Acidic and Rich in Cysteine (SPARC) and Chemokine’s mRNA expression in Endometrial Cancer versus Normal Endometrium: A Possible Pattern of Haematogenous and Lymphovascular Metastases
    Raffaella Giannice and Roberto Tozzi
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/ajrms:xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

  • Can we Predict Lung Involvement by Laboratory Markers in Covid-19 Patients
    Naıme Almıla Ayhan Ceylan, Ebru Bıyıklı and Murat Muratoglu
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/ajrms:xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

  • Treatment of Cutaneous Photoaging of Glabella with Autologous Platelet Concentrate
    Israel Alfonso Trujillo, Yetter Cruz Leon, Yudy Alvear Carvajal, Melissa Johana Espitia Cordero, Yaquelin Luciana Morales Novo, Angela Rosa Gutierrez Rojas, Jesus Lazaro Diego De la Campa, Julio Antonio López Silva, Daymi Serpa Almaguer
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/ajrms:xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

  • Perceived Adverse Drug reactions to Artemether Lumefantrine and Artesunate Amodiaquine in Lagos, Nigeria
    Bamgboye M. Afolabi and Abiodun Ogunwale
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/ajrms:xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

  • Emerging Mental Health Conditions in Nursing Professionals during the Global COVID-19 Pandemic- A Narrative Review
    Stukaite GD
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/ajrms:xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Most Downloaded
  • Secreted Protein Acidic and Rich in Cysteine (SPARC) and Chemokine’s mRNA expression in Endometrial Cancer versus Normal Endometrium: A Possible Pattern of Haematogenous and Lymphovascular Metastases
    Raffaella Giannice and Roberto Tozzi
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/ajrms:xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

  • Can we Predict Lung Involvement by Laboratory Markers in Covid-19 Patients
    Naıme Almıla Ayhan Ceylan, Ebru Bıyıklı and Murat Muratoglu
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/ajrms:xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

  • Treatment of Cutaneous Photoaging of Glabella with Autologous Platelet Concentrate
    Israel Alfonso Trujillo, Yetter Cruz Leon, Yudy Alvear Carvajal, Melissa Johana Espitia Cordero, Yaquelin Luciana Morales Novo, Angela Rosa Gutierrez Rojas, Jesus Lazaro Diego De la Campa, Julio Antonio López Silva, Daymi Serpa Almaguer
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/ajrms:xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

  • Perceived Adverse Drug reactions to Artemether Lumefantrine and Artesunate Amodiaquine in Lagos, Nigeria
    Bamgboye M. Afolabi and Abiodun Ogunwale
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/ajrms:xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

  • Emerging Mental Health Conditions in Nursing Professionals during the Global COVID-19 Pandemic- A Narrative Review
    Stukaite GD
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/ajrms:xxxxxxxxxxxxxx